Novel Variable Length Teager Energy Profiles for Replay Spoof Detection
|Madhu Kamble, Hemant Patil|
Replay attacks are developed in order to get fraudulent access of an Automatic Speaker Verification (ASV) system. This attack requires only recording and playback devices. The replay speech gets affected by the use of quality of intermediate devices, and the level of noise present in the acoustic environment. In this paper, we propose Variable length Teager Energy Cepstral Coefficients (VTECC) for replay Spoof Speech Detection (SSD) task. Varying the Dependency Index in Variable length Teager Energy Operator (VTEO) changes the performance of SSD system. The Teager energy profiles and the spectral energy densities obtained show the discrimination information for different DIs. With DI=5, we got reduced % Equal Error Rate (EER) of 6.52 % and 11.93 % on development and evaluation set, respectively, on ASVspoof 2017 version 2.0 challenge database. We further used score-level fusion of baseline system (Constant Q Cepstral Coefficients (CQCC) feature set) and VTECC and reduced the % EER to 5.85 % and 10.94 % on development and evaluation set, respectively. Furthermore, for evaluation set, we investigate the performance on different Replay Configurations (RC). For all the levels of threats, the proposed feature set performed better compared to the other feature sets.