Bottleneck Features for Speaker Recognition
Bottleneck neural networks have recently found success in a variety of speech recognition tasks. This paper presents an approach in which they are utilized in the front-end of
a speaker recognition system. The network inputs are mel- frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs) from multiple consecutive frames and the outputs are speaker labels. We propose using a recording-level criterion that is optimized via an online learning algorithm. We furthermore propose retraining a net work to focus on its errors when leveraging scores from an inde pendently trained system. We ran experiments on the same- and different-microphone tasks of the 2010 NIST Speaker Recogni tion Evaluation. We found that the proposed bottleneck feature extraction paradigm performs slightly worse than MFCCs but provides complementary information in combination. We also found that the proposed combination strategy with re-training improved the EER by 14% and 18% relative over the baseline MFCC system in the same- and different-microphone tasks respectively.