On the use of phone-gram units in recurrent neural networks for language identification
|Christian Salamea, Luis Fernando D'Haro, Ricardo Cordoba, Rubén San-Segundo|
In this paper we present our results on using RNN-based LM scores trained on different phone-gram orders and using different phonetic ASR recognizers. In order to avoid data sparseness problems and to reduce the vocabulary of all possible n-gram combinations, a K-means clustering procedure was performed using phone-vector embeddings as a pre-processing step. Additional experiments to optimize the amount of classes, batch-size, hidden neurons, state-unfolding, are also presented. We have worked with the KALAKA-3 database for the plenty-closed condition . Thanks to our clustering technique and the combination of high level phone-grams, our phonotactic system performs ~13% better than the unigram-based RNNLM system. Also, the obtained RNNLM scores are calibrated and fused with other scores from an acoustic-based i-vector system and a traditional PPRLM system. This fusion provides additional improvements showing that they provide complementary information to the LID system.