Odyssey 2014

The Speaker and Language Recognition Workshop

Generative pairwise models for speaker recognition

Sandro Cumani and Pietro Laface
This paper proposes a simple model for speaker recognition based on i–vector pairs, and analyzes its similarity and differences with respect to the state–of–the–art Probabilistic Linear Discriminant Analysis (PLDA) and Pairwise Support Vector Machine (PSVM) models. Similar to the discriminative PSVM approach, we propose a generative model of i–vector pairs, rather than an usual i–vector based model. The model is based on two Gaussian distributions, one for the “same speakers” and the other for the “different speakers” i–vector pairs, and on the assumption that the i–vector pairs are independent. This independence assumption allows the distributions of the two classes to be independently estimated. The “Two–Gaussian” approach can be extended to the Heavy–Tailed distributions, still allowing a fast closed form solution to be obtained for testing i–vector pairs. We show that this model is closely related to PLDA and to PSVM models, and that tested on the female part of the teltel NIST SRE 2010 extended evaluation set, it is able to achieve comparable accuracy with respect to the other models, trained with different objective functions and training procedures.