TIME-FREQUENCY SEGMENTATION OF BIRD SONG IN NOISY ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENTS
Machine Learning Methods and Applications
Presented by: Raviv Raich, Author(s): Lawrence Neal, Forrest Briggs, Raviv Raich, Xiaoli Fern, Oregon State University, United States
Recent work in machine learning considers the problem of identifying bird species from an audio recording. Most methods require segmentation to isolate each syllable of bird call in input audio. Energy-based time-domain segmentation has been successfully applied to low-noise, single-bird recordings. However, audio from automated field recorders contains too much noise for such methods, so a more robust segmentation method is required. We propose a supervised time-frequency audio segmentation method using a Random Forest classifier, to extract syllables of bird call from a noisy signal. When applied to a test data set of 625 field-collected audio segments, our method isolates 93.6% of the acoustic energy of bird song with a false positive rate of 8.6%, outperforming energy thresholding.